Quick facts

Cameroon joined the United Nations on 20 September 1960.

From 10 March 1975 to 4 February 1984 the country was known as the United Republic of Cameroon and

prior to 10 March 1975 known as Cameroon.

Republic of Cameroon
République du Cameroun
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
"Paix – Travail – Patrie" (French)
"Peace – Work – Fatherland"
Anthem: 
Ô Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres  (French)
O Cameroon, Cradle of our Forefathers a
Location of Cameroon on the globe.
CapitalYaoundé[1]
3°52′N 11°31′E
Largest cityDouala[1]
Official languagesFrench
English
Ethnic groups
DemonymCameroonian
GovernmentDominant-party presidentialrepublic
 - PresidentPaul Biya[1]
 - Prime MinisterPhilémon Yang
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence from France
 - Declared1 January 1960 
 - Annexation of former
British Cameroons
1 October 1961 
Area
 - Total475,442 km2 (54th)
183,569 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.57
Population
 - July 2013 estimate22,534,532[1] (58th)
 - 2005 census17,463,836[2]
 - Density39.7/km2 (167th)
102,8/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 - Total$53.162 billion[3]
 - Per capita$2,400[3] (90)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
 - Total$27.88 billion[3]
 - Per capita$1,268[3]
Gini (2007)positive decrease 38.9[4]
medium
HDI (2013)0.500[5]
low · 150th
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc(XAF)
Time zoneWAT (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on theright
Calling code+237
ISO 3166 codeCM
Internet TLD.cm